Ray E. Bornert II
September 22nd, 1999

I contend that the 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution can be used as an ironclad argument against a forcible direct tax on the labor of a human being.

The 13th Amendment makes it very clear that I cannot be forced into involuntary servitude. It took a war to help determine this.

As such, I maintain that a human being has an inalienable right to control 100% of the compensation for his labor while in the act of a service - e.g. digging a ditch, flipping hamburgers, typing a letter, programming a computer, preparing a court case, performing surgery, preaching a sermon, etc.

A direct tax on the labor of a human being is in violation of this right as stated by the 13th Amendment.

If I work 40 hours in a week and another entity forcibly conscripts 25% of my compensation then I argue that I was forced into involuntary servitude for 10 hours and I was free for the other 30.

If I could freely choose to work just the 30 hours and decline to work the 10 hours then my will would not be violated and the 13th Amendment would be honored.

But Congress, the IRS and their IRC lay direct claim to those 10 hours (or some stated percentage) without my consent.

To sum up:

  • I don't work for free in whole or in part.

  • I am not a slave to anything or anyone.

  • Anyone that attempts to make me work for free is violating my rights under the 13th amendment.

"...and accordingly all Experience hath shewn, that Mankind are more disposed to suffer, while Evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the Forms to which they are accustomed."

July 4th, 1776

Section 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the Unites States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.

Section 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

Amendment XIII
December 6th, 1865

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